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man:orig:ldapsearch

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r! man ldapsearch

LDAPSEARCH(1)                                                                                          LDAPSEARCH(1)



NAME
       ldapsearch - LDAP search tool

SYNOPSIS
       ldapsearch [-n] [-c] [-u] [-v] [-t[t]] [-T path] [-F prefix] [-A] [-L[L[L]]] [-M[M]] [-S attribute] [-d debu‐
       glevel] [-f file] [-x] [-D binddn] [-W] [-w passwd] [-y passwdfile] [-H ldapuri] [-h ldaphost]  [-p ldapport]
       [-b searchbase]         [-s {base|one|sub|children}]        [-a {never|always|search|find}]        [-P {2|3}]
       [-e [!]ext[=extparam]] [-E [!]ext[=extparam]]  [-l timelimit]  [-z sizelimit]  [-O security-properties]  [-I]
       [-Q] [-U authcid] [-R realm] [-X authzid] [-Y mech] [-Z[Z]] filter [attrs...]

DESCRIPTION
       ldapsearch is a shell-accessible interface to the ldap_search_ext(3) library call.

       ldapsearch  opens  a  connection  to an LDAP server, binds, and performs a search using specified parameters.
       The filter should conform to the string representation for search filters as defined in  RFC  4515.   If  not
       provided, the default filter, (objectClass=*), is used.

       If ldapsearch finds one or more entries, the attributes specified by attrs are returned.  If * is listed, all
       user attributes are returned.  If + is listed, all operational attributes are  returned.   If  no  attrs  are
       listed, all user attributes are returned.  If only 1.1 is listed, no attributes will be returned.

       The  search  results  are  displayed using an extended version of LDIF.  Option -L controls the format of the
       output.

OPTIONS
       -n     Show what would be done, but don’t actually perform the search.  Useful for debugging  in  conjunction
              with -v.

       -c     Continuous  operation  mode.  Errors  are  reported,  but  ldapsearch will continue with searches. The
              default is to exit after reporting an error.  Only useful in conjunction with -f.

       -u     Include the User Friendly Name form of the Distinguished Name (DN) in the output.

       -v     Run in verbose mode, with many diagnostics written to standard output.

       -t[t]  A single -t writes retrieved non-printable values to a set of temporary files.   This  is  useful  for
              dealing  with  values containing non-character data such as jpegPhoto or audio. A second -t writes all
              retrieved values to files.

       -T path
              Write temporary files to directory specified by path (default: /var/tmp/)

       -F prefix
              URL prefix for temporary files.  Default is file://path where path is /var/tmp/ or specified with  -T.

       -A     Retrieve  attributes  only  (no  values).  This is useful when you just want to see if an attribute is
              present in an entry and are not interested in the specific values.

       -L     Search results are display in LDAP Data Interchange Format detailed in ldif(5).  A single -L restricts
              the output to LDIFv1.
               A  second -L disables comments.  A third -L disables printing of the LDIF version.  The default is to
              use an extended version of LDIF.

       -M[M]  Enable manage DSA IT control.  -MM makes control critical.

       -S attribute
              Sort the entries returned based on attribute. The  default  is  not  to  sort  entries  returned.   If
              attribute  is  a  zero-length  string  (""), the entries are sorted by the components of their Distin‐
              guished Name.  See ldap_sort(3) for more details. Note that ldapsearch normally prints out entries  as
              it receives them. The use of the -S option defeats this behavior, causing all entries to be retrieved,
              then sorted, then printed.

       -d debuglevel
              Set the LDAP debugging level to debuglevel.  ldapsearch must be compiled with LDAP_DEBUG  defined  for
              this option to have any effect.

       -f file
              Read  a series of lines from file, performing one LDAP search for each line.  In this case, the filter
              given on the command line is treated as a pattern where  the  first  and  only  occurrence  of  %s  is
              replaced  with  a  line from file.  Any other occurrence of the the % character in the pattern will be
              regarded as an error.  Where it is desired that the search filter include a % character, the character
              should  be  encoded  as  \25 (see RFC 4515).  If file is a single - character, then the lines are read
              from standard input.  ldapsearch will exit when the first non-successful search  result  is  returned,
              unless -c is used.

       -x     Use simple authentication instead of SASL.

       -D binddn
              Use  the  Distinguished  Name  binddn  to  bind  to the LDAP directory.  For SASL binds, the server is
              expected to ignore this value.

       -W     Prompt for simple authentication.  This is used instead of specifying  the  password  on  the  command
              line.

       -w passwd
              Use passwd as the password for simple authentication.

       -y passwdfile
              Use complete contents of passwdfile as the password for simple authentication.

       -H ldapuri
              Specify  URI(s)  referring  to the ldap server(s); a list of URI, separated by whitespace or commas is
              expected; only the protocol/host/port fields are allowed.  As an exception, if no host/port is  speci‐
              fied,  but  a  DN  is,  the DN is used to look up the corresponding host(s) using the DNS SRV records,
              according to RFC 2782.  The DN must be a non-empty sequence of  AVAs  whose  attribute  type  is  "dc"
              (domain component), and must be escaped according to RFC 2396.

       -h ldaphost
              Specify an alternate host on which the ldap server is running.  Deprecated in favor of -H.

       -p ldapport
              Specify an alternate TCP port where the ldap server is listening.  Deprecated in favor of -H.

       -b searchbase
              Use searchbase as the starting point for the search instead of the default.

       -s {base|one|sub|children}
              Specify  the  scope  of  the search to be one of base, one, sub, or children to specify a base object,
              one-level, subtree, or children search.  The default is sub.  Note:  children  scope  requires  LDAPv3
              subordinate feature extension.

       -a {never|always|search|find}
              Specify how aliases dereferencing is done.  Should be one of never, always, search, or find to specify
              that aliases are never dereferenced, always dereferenced, dereferenced when searching, or dereferenced
              only when locating the base object for the search.  The default is to never dereference aliases.

       -P {2|3}
              Specify the LDAP protocol version to use.

       -e [!]ext[=extparam]

       -E [!]ext[=extparam]

              Specify general extensions with -e and search extensions with -E.  ´!´ indicates criticality.

              General extensions:
                [!]assert=<filter>   (an RFC 4515 Filter)
                [!]authzid=<authzid> ("dn:<dn>" or "u:<user>")
                [!]manageDSAit
                [!]noop
                ppolicy
                [!]postread[=<attrs>]        (a comma-separated attribute list)
                [!]preread[=<attrs>] (a comma-separated attribute list)
                abandon, cancel (SIGINT sends abandon/cancel; not really controls)

              Search extensions:
                [!]domainScope                               (domain scope)
                [!]mv=<filter>                               (matched values filter)
                [!]pr=<size>[/prompt|noprompt]       (paged results/prompt)
                [!]sss=[-]<attr[:OID]>[/[-]<attr[:OID]>...]  (server side sorting)
                [!]subentries[=true|false]           (subentries)
                [!]sync=ro[/<cookie>]                        (LDAP Sync refreshOnly)
                        rp[/<cookie>][/<slimit>]     (LDAP Sync refreshAndPersist)

       -l timelimit
              wait  at  most  timelimit  seconds for a search to complete.  A timelimit of 0 (zero) or none means no
              limit.  A timelimit of max means the maximum integer allowable by the protocol.  A server may impose a
              maximal timelimit which only the root user may override.

       -z sizelimit
              retrieve  at  most sizelimit entries for a search.  A sizelimit of 0 (zero) or none means no limit.  A
              sizelimit of max means the maximum integer allowable by the protocol.  A server may impose  a  maximal
              sizelimit which only the root user may override.

       -O security-properties
              Specify SASL security properties.

       -I     Enable SASL Interactive mode.  Always prompt.  Default is to prompt only as needed.

       -Q     Enable SASL Quiet mode.  Never prompt.

       -U authcid
              Specify  the  authentication ID for SASL bind. The form of the ID depends on the actual SASL mechanism
              used.

       -R realm
              Specify the realm of authentication ID for SASL bind. The form of the realm depends on the actual SASL
              mechanism used.

       -X authzid
              Specify  the  requested authorization ID for SASL bind.  authzid must be one of the following formats:
              dn:<distinguished name> or u:<username>

       -Y mech
              Specify the SASL mechanism to be used for authentication. If it’s  not  specified,  the  program  will
              choose the best mechanism the server knows.

       -Z[Z]  Issue StartTLS (Transport Layer Security) extended operation. If you use -ZZ, the command will require
              the operation to be successful.

OUTPUT FORMAT
       If one or more entries are found, each entry is written to standard output in LDAP Data Interchange Format or
       ldif(5):

           version: 1

           # bjensen, example, net
           dn: uid=bjensen,dc=example,dc=net
           objectClass: person
           objectClass: dcObject
           uid: bjensen
           cn: Barbara Jensen
           sn: Jensen
           ...

       If the -t option is used, the URI of a temporary file is used in place of the actual value.  If the -A option
       is given, only the "attributename" part is written.

EXAMPLE
       The following command:

           ldapsearch -LLL "(sn=smith)" cn sn telephoneNumber

       will perform a subtree search (using the default search base and other parameters  defined  in  ldap.conf(5))
       for entries with a surname (sn) of smith.  The common name (cn), surname (sn) and telephoneNumber values will
       be retrieved and printed to standard output.  The output might look something like this if  two  entries  are
       found:

           dn: uid=jts,dc=example,dc=com
           cn: John Smith
           cn: John T. Smith
           sn: Smith
           sn;lang-en: Smith
           sn;lang-de: Schmidt
           telephoneNumber: 1 555 123-4567

           dn: uid=sss,dc=example,dc=com
           cn: Steve Smith
           cn: Steve S. Smith
           sn: Smith
           sn;lang-en: Smith
           sn;lang-de: Schmidt
           telephoneNumber: 1 555 765-4321

       The command:

           ldapsearch -LLL -u -t "(uid=xyz)" jpegPhoto audio

       will  perform  a  subtree  search  using the default search base for entries with user id of "xyz".  The user
       friendly form of the entry’s DN will be output after the line that contains the DN itself, and the  jpegPhoto
       and  audio  values  will be retrieved and written to temporary files.  The output might look like this if one
       entry with one value for each of the requested attributes is found:

           dn: uid=xyz,dc=example,dc=com
           ufn: xyz, example, com
           audio:< file:///tmp/ldapsearch-audio-a19924
           jpegPhoto:< file:///tmp/ldapsearch-jpegPhoto-a19924

       This command:

           ldapsearch -LLL -s one -b "c=US" "(o=University*)" o description

       will perform a one-level search at the c=US level for all entries whose organization name (o)  begins  begins
       with  University.   The  organization  name and description attribute values will be retrieved and printed to
       standard output, resulting in output similar to this:

           dn: o=University of Alaska Fairbanks,c=US
           o: University of Alaska Fairbanks
           description: Preparing Alaska for a brave new yesterday
           description: leaf node only

           dn: o=University of Colorado at Boulder,c=US
           o: University of Colorado at Boulder
           description: No personnel information
           description: Institution of education and research

           dn: o=University of Colorado at Denver,c=US
           o: University of Colorado at Denver
           o: UCD
           o: CU/Denver
           o: CU-Denver
           description: Institute for Higher Learning and Research

           dn: o=University of Florida,c=US
           o: University of Florida
           o: UFl
           description: Warper of young minds

           ...

DIAGNOSTICS
       Exit status is zero if no errors occur.  Errors result in a non-zero exit status  and  a  diagnostic  message
       being written to standard error.

SEE ALSO
       ldapadd(1),  ldapdelete(1), ldapmodify(1), ldapmodrdn(1), ldap.conf(5), ldif(5), ldap(3), ldap_search_ext(3),
       ldap_sort(3)

AUTHOR
       The OpenLDAP Project <http://www.openldap.org/>

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       OpenLDAP Software is developed and maintained by The OpenLDAP Project  <http://www.openldap.org/>.   OpenLDAP
       Software is derived from University of Michigan LDAP 3.3 Release.



OpenLDAP 2.4.17                                      2009/07/13                                        LDAPSEARCH(1)
Источник — «http://xgu.ru/wiki/man:orig:ldapsearch»